Bonaparte, name of a celebrated family of Italian origin settled in
Corsica; the principal members of it were: Charles Marie, born at
Ajaccio, 1744; died at Montpellier, 1785; married, 1767. Marie-Lætitia
Ramolino, born at Ajaccio, 1750; died at Rome, 1836; of this union
were born eight children: Joseph, became king of Naples, 1806; king
of Spain from 1808 to 1813; retired to United States after Waterloo;
returned to Europe, and died at Florence, 1844. Napoleon I. (q.
v.). Lucien, b. 1775; became president of the Council of the Five
Hundred, and prince of Canino; died in Viterbo, 1840. Marie-Anne-Eliza,
b. 1777; married Felix Bacciochi, who became
prince of Lucca; died at Trieste, 1826. Louis, b. 1778; married
Hortense de Beauharnais; father of Napoleon III.; king of Holland (from
1806 to 1810); died at Leghorn, 1846. Marie Pauline, b. 1780;
married General Leclerc, 1801; afterwards, in 1803, Prince Camille
Borghese; became Duchess of Guastalla; died at Florence, 1825.
Caroline-Marie, b. 1782; married Marat in 1800; became
Grand-duchess of Berg and Clèves, then queen of Naples; died at Florence,
1839. Jerome, b. 1784, king of Westphalia (from 1807 to 1813); marshal
of France in 1850; married, by second marriage, Princess Catherine of
Würtemburg; died in 1860; his daughter, the Princess Mathilde, b. 1820,
and his son, Prince Napoleon, called Jerome, b. 1822, married Princess
Clothilde, daughter of Victor Emmanuel, of which marriage was born Prince
Victor Napoleon in 1862.
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