- Any of the Old World mammals of the family Bovidae, such as the Cape Buffalo, Syncerus caffer, or the water buffalo.
- A related North American animal, the American Bison, Bison bison. A couple of bison (Noun definition 2) relaxing
- A buffalo robe.
- The buffalo fish.
- A bison erroneously called buffalo, (historically various) Bison bison, Bos Americanus or Bisonte americano.
- to hunt buffalo
- (U.S. slang):. To outwit.
- A city in New York State, very near Niagara Falls.
- The Nuttall Encyclopedia
Buf"fa*lo (&?;), n.; pl.
Buffaloes (&?;). [Sp. bufalo (cf. It.
bufalo, F. buffle), fr. L. bubalus, bufalus, a
kind of African stag or gazelle; also, the buffalo or wild ox, fr. Gr. &?;
buffalo, prob. fr. &?; ox. See Cow the animal, and cf. Buff
the color, and Bubale.] 1. (Zoöl.)
A species of the genus Bos or Bubalus (B.
bubalus), originally from India, but now found in most of the warmer
countries of the eastern continent. It is larger and less docile than the
common ox, and is fond of marshy places and rivers.
2. (Zoöl.) A very large and savage
species of the same genus (B. Caffer) found in South Africa; --
called also Cape buffalo.
3. (Zoöl.) Any species of wild
4. (Zoöl.) The bison of North
5. A buffalo robe. See Buffalo robe,
6. (Zoöl.) The buffalo fish. See
Buffalo fish, below.
Buffalo berry (Bot.), a shrub of the Upper
Missouri (Sherherdia argentea) with acid edible red berries. --
Buffalo bird (Zoöl.), an African bird of
the genus Buphaga, of two species. These birds perch upon buffaloes
and cattle, in search of parasites. -- Buffalo bug,
the carpet beetle. See under Carpet. -- Buffalo
chips, dry dung of the buffalo, or bison, used for fuel.
[U.S.] -- Buffalo clover (Bot.), a kind of
clover (Trifolium reflexum and T.soloniferum) found in the
ancient grazing grounds of the American bison. -- Buffalo
cod (Zoöl.), a large, edible, marine fish
(Ophiodon elongatus) of the northern Pacific coast; -- called also
blue cod, and cultus cod. -- Buffalo
fish (Zoöl.), one of several large fresh-water
fishes of the family Catostomidæ, of the Mississippi valley.
The red-mouthed or brown (Ictiobus bubalus), the big-mouthed or
black (Bubalichthys urus), and the small-mouthed (B. altus),
are among the more important species used as food. -- Buffalo
fly, or Buffalo gnat (Zoöl.), a
small dipterous insect of the genus Simulium, allied to the black
fly of the North. It is often extremely abundant in the lower part of the
Mississippi valley and does great injury to domestic animals, often killing
large numbers of cattle and horses. In Europe the Columbatz fly is a
species with similar habits. -- Buffalo grass
(Bot.), a species of short, sweet grass (Buchloë
dactyloides), from two to four inches high, covering the prairies on
which the buffaloes, or bisons, feed. [U.S.] -- Buffalo
nut (Bot.), the oily and drupelike fruit of an
American shrub (Pyrularia oleifera); also, the shrub itself;
oilnut. -- Buffalo robe, the skin of the bison
of North America, prepared with the hair on; -- much used as a lap robe in
- Webster's Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
Buffalo (256), a city of New York State, at the E. end of Lake Erie,
300 m. due NW. of New York; is a well-built, handsome, and healthy city;
the railways and the Erie Canal are channels of extensive commerce in
grain, cattle, and coal; while immense iron-works, tanneries, breweries,
and flour-mills represent the industries; electric power for lighting,
traction, &c., is supplied from Niagara.
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