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Meaning of Capaity

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  • the ability to hold, receive or absorb
  • a measure of such ability; volume
  • the maximum amount that can be held
  • capability; the ability to perform some task
  • the maximum that can be produced
  • mental ability; the power to learn
  • faculty; the potential for growth and development
  • rĂ´le; the position in which one functions
  • legal authority (to make an arrest for example)
  • electrical capacitance
  • filling the allotted space
- The Nuttall Encyclopedia

Ca*pac"i*ty (?), n.; pl. Capacities (-t&ibreve;z). [L. capacitus, fr. capax, capacis; fr. F. capacité. See Capacious.] 1. The power of receiving or containing; extent of room or space; passive power; -- used in reference to physical things.

Had our great palace the capacity
To camp this host, we all would sup together.

The capacity of the exhausted cylinder.

2. The power of receiving and holding ideas, knowledge, etc.; the comprehensiveness of the mind; the receptive faculty; capability of understanding or feeling.

Capacity is now properly limited to these [the mere passive operations of the mind]; its primary signification, which is literally room for, as well as its employment, favors this; although it can not be denied that there are examples of its usage in an active sense.
Sir W. Hamilton.

3. Ability; power pertaining to, or resulting from, the possession of strength, wealth, or talent; possibility of being or of doing.

The capacity of blessing the people.
Alex. Hamilton.

A cause with such capacities endued.

4. Outward condition or circumstances; occupation; profession; character; position; as, to work in the capacity of a mason or a carpenter.

5. (Law) Legal or moral qualification, as of age, residence, character, etc., necessary for certain purposes, as for holding office, for marrying, for making contracts, wills, etc.; legal power or right; competency.

Capacity for heat, the power of absorbing heat. Substances differ in the amount of heat requisite to raise them a given number of thermometric degrees, and this difference is the measure of, or depends upon, what is called their capacity for heat. See Specific heat, under Heat.

Syn. -- Ability; faculty; talent; capability; skill; efficiency; cleverness. See Ability.

- Webster's Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

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