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Meaning of Captal


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  • a city designated as such (i.e. capital) by the government or some other authority, often the city in which the government is located; otherwise the most important city within a country or a subdivision of it.
          Note: The term for a legislative seat is spelled capital. The building in which such an assembly meets is spelled capitol.
         Washington D. C. is the capital of the United States of America.
         The Welsh government claims that Cardiff is Europe's youngest capital.
  • (Economics) Money and wealth. The means to acquire goods and services, especially in a non-barter system.
  • An uppercase letter.
  • (architecture) the uppermost part of a column
  • of prime importance
  • (British) excellent
  • involving punishment by death
         Not all felonies are capital crimes.
  • uppercase
         One begins a sentence with a capital letter.

    French
  • Capital (money and wealth)
  • Capital (important)
- The Nuttall Encyclopedia



CAPITAL, n. The seat of misgovernment. That which provides the fire,
the pot, the dinner, the table and the knife and fork for the
anarchist; the part of the repast that himself supplies is the
disgrace before meat. Capital Punishment, a penalty regarding the
justice and expediency of which many worthy persons -- including all
the assassins -- entertain grave misgivings.
- 1811 Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue



Cap"i*tal (?), a. [F. capital, L. capitalis capital (in senses 1 & 2), fr. caput head. See Chief, and cf. Capital, n.] 1. Of or pertaining to the head. [Obs.]

Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise
Expect with mortal pain.
Milton.

2. Having reference to, or involving, the forfeiture of the head or life; affecting life; punishable with death; as, capital trials; capital punishment.

Many crimes that are capital among us.
Swift.

To put to death a capital offender.
Milton.

3. First in importance; chief; principal.

A capital article in religion
Atterbury.

Whatever is capital and essential in Christianity.
I. Taylor.

4. Chief, in a political sense, as being the seat of the general government of a state or nation; as, Washington and Paris are capital cities.

5. Of first rate quality; excellent; as, a capital speech or song. [Colloq.]

Capital letter [F, lettre capitale] (Print.), a leading or heading letter, used at the beginning of a sentence and as the first letter of certain words, distinguished, for the most part, both by different form and larger size, from the small (lower-case) letters, which form the greater part of common print or writing. -- Small capital lettershave the form of capital letters and height of the body of the lower-case letters. -- Capital stock, money, property, or stock invested in any business, or the enterprise of any corporation or institution.Abbott.

Syn. -- Chief; leading; controlling; prominent.

Cap"i*tal (?), n. [Cf. L. capitellum and Capitulum, a small head, the head, top, or capital of a column, dim. of caput head; F. chapiteau, OF. capitel. See Chief, and cf. Cattle, Chattel, Chapiter, Chapter.] 1. (Arch.) The head or uppermost member of a column, pilaster, etc. It consists generally of three parts, abacus, bell (or vase), and necking. See these terms, and Column.

2. [Cf. F. capilate, fem., sc. ville.] (Geog.) The seat of government; the chief city or town in a country; a metropolis. "A busy and splendid capital" Macauly.

3. [Cf. F. capital.] Money, property, or stock employed in trade, manufactures, etc.; the sum invested or lent, as distinguished from the income or interest. See Capital stock, under Capital, a.

4. (Polit. Econ.) That portion of the produce of industry, which may be directly employed either to support human beings or to assist in production. M'Culloch.

&fist; When wealth is used to assist production it is called capital. The capital of a civilized community includes fixed capital (i.e. buildings, machines, and roads used in the course of production and exchange) amd circulating capital (i.e., food, fuel, money, etc., spent in the course of production and exchange). T. Raleigh.

5. Anything which can be used to increase one's power or influence.

He tried to make capital out of his rival's discomfiture.
London Times.

6. (Fort.) An imaginary line dividing a bastion, ravelin, or other work, into two equal parts.

7. A chapter, or section, of a book. [Obs.]

Holy St. Bernard hath said in the 59th capital.
Sir W. Scott.

8. (Print.) See Capital letter, under Capital, a.

Active capital. See under Active, -- Small capital(Print.), a small capital letter. See under Capital, a. -- To live on one's capital, to consume one's capital without producing or accumulating anything to replace it.

- Webster's Unabridged Dictionary (1913)



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