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Meaning of Chauvinsm

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  • Unwarranted bias, favoritism, or devotion to a particular group, cause, or idea.
         * Feminists say that male chauvinism is still prevalant in cultures worldwide.
         * Masculinists say that female chauvinism is still prevalent in cultures worldwide.
  • A bias in favour of the familiar.
- The Nuttall Encyclopedia

Chau"vin*ism (?), n. [F. chauvinisme, from Chauvin, a character represented as making grotesque and threatening displays of his attachment to his fallen chief, Napoleon I., in 1815.] Blind and absurd devotion to a fallen leader or an obsolete cause; hence, absurdly vainglorious or exaggerated patriotism.

-- Chau"vin*ist, n. -- Chau`vin*is"tic (&?;), a.

&fist; To have a generous belief in the greatness of one's country is not chauvinism. It is the character of the latter quality to be wildly extravagant, to be fretful and childish and silly, to resent a doubt as an insult, and to offend by its very frankness. Prof. H. Tuttle.

- Webster's Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Chauvinism, a name among the French for what is known as Jingoism among the English, i. e. an extravagant zeal for the glory of one's country or party, from one Chauvin, who made threatening displays of his devotion to Napoleon after his fall in 1815.
- Wikipedia

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