Con*di"tion (?), n. [F., fr. L.
conditio (better condicio) agreement, compact,
condition; con- + a root signifying to show,
point out, akin to dicere to say, dicare to
proclaim, dedicate. See Teach, Token.]
1. Mode or state of being; state or
situation with regard to external circumstances or influences, or
to physical or mental integrity, health, strength, etc.;
predicament; rank; position, estate.
I am in my condition
A prince, Miranda; I do think, a king.
And O, what man's condition can be
Than his whom plenty starves and blessings curse?
The new conditions of life.
2. Essential quality; property;
It seemed to us a condition and property of
divine powers and beings to be hidden and unseen to others.
3. Temperament; disposition;
The condition of a saint and the complexion
of a devil.
4. That which must exist as the occasion
or concomitant of something else; that which is requisite in
order that something else should take effect; an essential
qualification; stipulation; terms specified.
I had as lief take her dowry with this
condition, to be whipped at the high cross every
Many are apt to believe remission of sins, but
they believe it without the condition of repentance.
5. (Law) A clause in a contract,
or agreement, which has for its object to suspend, to defeat, or
in some way to modify, the principal obligation; or, in case of a
will, to suspend, revoke, or modify a devise or bequest. It is
also the case of a future uncertain event, which may or may not
happen, and on the occurrence or non-occurrence of which, the
accomplishment, recission, or modification of an obligation or
testamentary disposition is made to depend. Blount.
Tomlins. Bouvier. Wharton.
Equation of condition. (Math.)
See under Equation. -- On or
Upon condition (that), used for
if in introducing conditional sentences. "Upon
condition thou wilt swear to pay him tribute . . . thou shalt
be placed as viceroy under him." Shak. --
Conditions of sale, the terms on which it
is proposed to sell property by auction; also, the instrument
containing or expressing these terms.
Syn. -- State; situation; circumstances; station; case;
mode; plight; predicament; stipulation; qualification; requisite;
article; provision; arrangement. See State.
Con*di"tion (?), v. i.
[imp. & p. p. Conditioned (?);
p. pr. & vb. n. Conditioning.]
1. To make terms; to stipulate.
Pay me back my credit,
And I'll condition with ye.
Beau. & Fl.
2. (Metaph.) To impose upon an
object those relations or conditions without which knowledge and
thought are alleged to be impossible.
To think of a thing is to condition.
Sir W. Hamilton.
Con*di"tion, v. t. [Cf. LL.
conditionare. See Condition, n.]
1. To invest with, or limit by, conditions;
to burden or qualify by a condition; to impose or be imposed as
the condition of.
Seas, that daily gain upon the shore,
Have ebb and flow conditioning their march.
2. To contract; to stipulate; to
It was conditioned between Saturn and
Titan, that Saturn should put to death all his male children.
Sir W. Raleigh.
3. (U. S. Colleges) To put under
conditions; to require to pass a new examination or to make up a
specified study, as a condition of remaining in one's class or in
college; as, to condition a student who has failed in some
branch of study.
4. To test or assay, as silk (to
ascertain the proportion of moisture it contains).