- A genus of perennial flowering plants of the Iridaceae family. Saffron is obtained from the stamens of Crocus sativus.
- The Nuttall Encyclopedia
CROCUS, or CROCUS METALLORUM. A nick name for a
surgeon of the army and navy.
- The Devil's Dictionary (Ambrose Bierce)
Cro"cus (krō"kŭs), n.
[L., saffron, fr. Gr. kro`kos; cf. Heb.
karkōm, Ar. kurkum, Skr.
ku&ndot;kuma.] 1. (Bot.) A
genus of iridaceous plants, with pretty blossoms rising
separately from the bulb or corm. C. vernus is one of the
earliest of spring-blooming flowers; C. sativus produces
the saffron, and blossoms in the autumn.
2. (Chem.) A deep yellow powder;
the oxide of some metal calcined to a red or deep yellow color;
esp., the oxide of iron (Crocus of Mars or
colcothar) thus produced from salts of iron, and used as a
Crocus of Venus (Old Chem.),
oxide of copper.
- Webster's Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
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