- The act of deluding; deception; a misleading of the mind.
- The state of being deluded or misled.
- That which is falsely or delusively believed or propagated; false belief; error in belief.
- The Nuttall Encyclopedia
DELUSION, n. The father of a most respectable family, comprising
Enthusiasm, Affection, Self-denial, Faith, Hope, Charity and many
other goodly sons and daughters.
All hail, Delusion! Were it not for thee
The world turned topsy-turvy we should see;
For Vice, respectable with cleanly fancies,
Would fly abandoned Virtue's gross advances.
- 1811 Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue
De*lu"sion (?) n. [L. delusio,
fr. deludere. See Delude.] 1. The
act of deluding; deception; a misleading of the mind.
2. The state of being deluded or
3. That which is falsely or delusively
believed or propagated; false belief; error in belief.
And fondly mourned the dear delusion
Syn. -- Delusion, Illusion. These words both
imply some deception practiced upon the mind. Delusion is
deception from want of knowledge; illusion is deception from
morbid imagination. An illusion is a false show, a mere cheat
on the fancy or senses. It is, in other words, some idea or image
presented to the bodily or mental vision which does not exist in
reality. A delusion is a false judgment, usually affecting the
real concerns of life. Or, in other words, it is an erroneous view of
something which exists indeed, but has by no means the qualities or
attributes ascribed to it. Thus we speak of the illusions of
fancy, the illusions of hope, illusive prospects,
illusive appearances, etc. In like manner, we speak of the
delusions of stockjobbing, the delusions of honorable
men, delusive appearances in trade, of being deluded by
a seeming excellence.
"A fanatic, either religious or political, is the subject of
strong delusions; while the term illusion is applied
solely to the visions of an uncontrolled imagination, the chimerical
ideas of one blinded by hope, passion, or credulity, or lastly, to
spectral and other ocular deceptions, to which the word
delusion is never applied." Whately.
- Webster's Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
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