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Meaning of Dimay


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  • A sudden or complete loss of courage in the face of trouble or danger
  • To disable with alarm or apprehensions; to depress the spirits or courage of; to deprive or firmness and energy through fear; to daunt; to appall; to terrify.
  • To render lifeless; to subdue; to disquiet.
  • To take dismay or fright; to be filled with dismay.
  • Loss of courage and firmness through fear; overwhelming and disabling terror; a sinking of the spirits; consternation.
  • Condition fitted to dismay; ruin.
- The Nuttall Encyclopedia



Dis*may" (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dismayed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Dismaying.] [OE. desmaien, dismaien, OF. esmaier; pref. es- (L. ex) + OHG. magan to be strong or able; akin to E. may. In English the pref. es- was changed to dis- (L. dis-). See May, v. i.] 1. To disable with alarm or apprehensions; to depress the spirits or courage of; to deprive or firmness and energy through fear; to daunt; to appall; to terrify.

Be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed.
Josh. i. 9.

What words be these? What fears do you dismay?
Fairfax.

2. To render lifeless; to subdue; to disquiet. [Obs.]

Do not dismay yourself for this.
Spenser.

Syn. -- To terrify; fright; affright; frighten; appall; daunt; dishearthen; dispirit; discourage; deject; depress. -- To Dismay, Daunt, Appall. Dismay denotes a state of deep and gloomy apprehension. To daunt supposes something more sudden and startling. To appall is the strongest term, implying a sense of terror which overwhelms the faculties.

So flies a herd of beeves, that hear, dismayed,
The lions roaring through the midnight shade.
Pope.

Jove got such heroes as my sire, whose soul
No fear could daunt, nor earth nor hell control.
Pope.

Now the last ruin the whole host appalls;
Now Greece has trembled in her wooden walls.
Pope.

Dis*may", v. i. To take dismay or fright; to be filled with dismay. [Obs.] Shak.

Dis*may", n. [Cf. OF. esmai, F. émoi. See Dismay, v. t.] 1. Loss of courage and firmness through fear; overwhelming and disabling terror; a sinking of the spirits; consternation.

I . . . can not think of such a battle without dismay.
Macaulay.

Thou with a tiger spring dost leap upon thy prey,
And tear his helpless breast, o'erwhelmed with wild dismay.
Mrs. Barbauld.

2. Condition fitted to dismay; ruin. Spenser.

Syn. -- Dejection; discouragement; depression; fear; fright; terror; apprehension; alarm; affright.

- Webster's Unabridged Dictionary (1913)



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