Draught (?), n. [The same as
draft, the spelling with gh indicating an older
pronunciation. See Draft, n., Draw.]
1. The act of drawing or pulling; as:
(a) The act of moving loads by drawing, as by
beasts of burden, and the like.
A general custom of using oxen for all sort of
draught would be, perhaps, the greatest
improvement. Sir W. Temple.
(b) The drawing of a bowstring.
She sent an arrow forth with mighty
(c) Act of drawing a net; a sweeping the
water for fish.
Upon the draught of a pond, not one fish was
left. Sir M. Hale.
(d) The act of drawing liquor into the mouth
and throat; the act of drinking.
In his hands he took the goblet, but a while the
draught forbore. Trench.
(e) A sudden attack or drawing upon an
By drawing sudden draughts upon the enemy when
he looketh not for you. Spenser.
(f) (Mil.) The act of selecting or
detaching soldiers; a draft (see Draft, n.,
2) (g) The act of drawing up, marking out,
or delineating; representation. Dryden.
2. That which is drawn; as:
(a) That which is taken by sweeping with a
Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets for a
draught. Luke v. 4.
He laid down his pipe, and cast his net, which brought
him a very great draught. L'Estrange.
(b) (Mil.) The force drawn; a
detachment; -- in this sense usually written draft.
(c) The quantity drawn in at once in drinking; a
potion or potation.
Disguise thyself as thou wilt, still, Slavery, . . .
still thou art a bitter draught.
Low lies that house where nut-brown draughts
(d) A sketch, outline, or representation,
whether written, designed, or drawn; a delineation.
A draught of a Toleration Act was offered to
the Parliament by a private member. Macaulay.
No picture or draught of these things from the
report of the eye. South.
(e) (Com.) An order for the payment of
money; -- in this sense almost always written draft.
(f) A current of air moving through an inclosed
place, as through a room or up a chimney.
He preferred to go and sit upon the stairs, in . . .
a strong draught of air, until he was again sent
3. That which draws; as:
(a) A team of oxen or horses.
Blackstone. (b) A sink or drain; a
privy. Shak. Matt. xv. 17. (c)
pl. (Med.) A mild vesicatory; a sinapism; as, to
apply draughts to the feet.
4. Capacity of being drawn; force necessary
to draw; traction.
The Hertfordshire wheel plow . . . is of the easiest
5. (Naut.) The depth of water
necessary to float a ship, or the depth a ship sinks in water,
especially when laden; as, a ship of twelve feet
6. (Com.) An allowance on weighable
goods. [Eng.] See Draft, 4.
7. A move, as at chess or checkers.
8. The bevel given to the pattern for a
casting, in order that it may be drawn from the sand without injury
to the mold.
9. (Masonry) See Draft,
Angle of draught, the angle made with the
plane over which a body is drawn by the line in which the pulling
force acts, when the latter has the direction best adapted to
overcome the obstacles of friction and the weight of the body. -
- Black draught. See under Black,
a. -- Blast draught, or
Forced draught, the draught produced by a
blower, as by blowing in air beneath a fire or drawing out the gases
from above it. -- Natural draught, the
draught produced by the atmosphere flowing, by its own weight, into a
chimney wherein the air is rarefied by heat. -- On
draught, so as to be drawn from the wood (as a cask,
barrel, etc.) in distinction from being bottled; as, ale on
draught. -- Sheer draught. See under
Draught, a. 1.
Used for drawing vehicles, loads, etc.; as, a draught
beast; draught hooks.
2. Relating to, or characterized by, a draft,
or current of air.
3. Used in making drawings; as,
4. Drawn directly from the barrel, or other
receptacle, in distinction from bottled; on draught; -- said
of ale, cider, and the like.
&fist; This word, especially in the first and second meanings, is
often written draft, a spelling which is approved by many
Draught box. See Draught tube,
below. -- Draught engine (Mining),
an engine used for pumping, raising heavy weights, and the
like. -- Draught hook (Mil.), one
of the hooks on a cannon carriage, used in drawing the gun backward
and forward. -- Draught horse, a horse
employed in drawing loads, plowing, etc., as distinguished from a
saddle horse or carriage horse. -- Draught
net, a seine or hauling net. -- Draught
ox, an ox employed in hauling loads, plowing, etc.
-- Draught tube (Water Wheels), an air-
tight pipe extending downward into the tailrace from a turbine wheel
located above it, to make the whole fall available; -- called also
Draught (dr&adot;ft), v. t.
[imp. & p. p. Draughted; p. pr. &
vb. n. Draughting.] 1. To draw
out; to call forth. See Draft. Addison.
2. To diminish or exhaust by drawing.
The Parliament so often draughted and
drained. Sir W. Scott.
3. To draw in outline; to make a draught,
sketch, or plan of, as in architectural and mechanical
Draughting room, a room draughtsmen to work
in, and where plans are kept.